5 things to know about scalp psoriasis

5 things to know about scalp psoriasis

Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin health condition that leads to the formation of rashes and scaly patches on the skin. It affects an estimated 7.4 million Americans, and many develop it on their scalp. This condition, called scalp psoriasis, is common among people with chronic plaque psoriasis. Here are a few basic important things to know about scalp psoriasis.

Symptoms of scalp psoriasis

The signs and symptoms of mild scalp psoriasis are only limited to the head. A person with the condition may notice the following:

  • Dry scalp
  • Itching
  • Hair loss
  • Scaly, bumpy patches
  • A burning sensation
  • Flaking that looks like dandruff

Severe psoriasis might spread to the neck, forehead, and other parts of the face as well.

Causes of scalp psoriasis

Experts have been unable to identify what exactly causes scalp psoriasis or any other type of psoriasis. That said, a genetic link has been suggested, with various studies proving that an individual has higher chances of developing psoriasis if a family member has the condition.

Psoriasis also develops due to a faulty immune system, which sends signals for the skin cells to multiply faster than normal. The process of new cell formation, which usually takes weeks, is completed within days in people with this condition. The body fails to get rid of these excess cells, which end up piling one over the other. This is what appears on the scalp, causing itchiness and burning.

Treatment of scalp psoriasis

A dermatologist or medical expert confirms scalp psoriasis by either looking at the skin or taking a sample for a skin biopsy. The most common methods of treatment are:

  • Topical medications
    Salicylic acid is a peeling agent, and it helps the skin remove dead skin cells. This can, in turn, reduce inflammation, redness, and itchiness due to scalp psoriasis. Topical medications that are rich in this compound can be directly applied over the infected skin.
    Shampoos and creams rich in coal tar products are also recommended for people living with this condition. Coal tar slows the growth of new skin cells and helps relieve inflammation and itching.
  • Light therapy
    There are various types of light therapies. Scalp psoriasis is treated using targeted Ultraviolet B (UVB) light therapy. UVB light from a special lamp is allowed to hit the infected area, where it works to reduce inflammation, pain, and the speed at which new skin cells are formed.

Natural and home remedies for scalp psoriasis

The symptoms can be treated with natural remedies like:

  • Apple cider vinegar

Symptoms like inflammation, itching, and redness can be addressed using apple cider vinegar. One can dilute it with water and use it directly over the skin.

  • Aloe vera

Aloe vera has incredible healing properties that can counter multiple symptoms of scalp psoriasis, including scaling and redness.

Diet plan and beneficial foods for scalp psoriasis patients
Some beneficial foods and diets that can relieve the pain and discomfort associated with the condition are:

  • Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids

Salmon and other fatty fish, nuts, and plant oils are a few foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. They can fight off inflammation and reduce redness.

  • The Meditteranean diet

The consumption of legumes, grains, fish, and whole grains is encouraged on a Mediterranean diet, and these foods help fight off the symptoms of scalp psoriasis.

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